Laser-induced fluorescence of indocyanine green: plastic surgical applications
This article explores the usefulness of ICG fluorescence in the evaluation of pedicle flaps, monitoring of free tissue transfer and replants, as well as the objective determination of burn depth. The authors found that in addition to normal assessment methods (clinical observation), ICG fluorescence provides invaluable information to the plastic surgeon for the developing an efficient surgery plan. For determining burn depth, the authors wrote that ICG made it possible to objectively differentiate burn wounds that require excision and grafting and those that do not. For pedicle flaps, the authors found that a 1999 paper published in the Annals of Plastic Surgery suggested that the information taken from ICG imaging leads to accurate predictions about flap survival.
Holm, C., Mayr, M., Tegeler, J., Becker, A., Pfieffer, U., & Muhlbauer, W. (2003). Laser-induced fluorescence of indocyanine green: plastic surgical applications. European Journal of Plastic Surgery, 26, 19-35. doi: 10.1007/s00238-003-0466-0